New spiral periodic table of the elements
This spiral periodic spiral is a new representation of the periodic table of the elements usually represented in tabular form.
This spiral, inspired by The Chemical Galaxy is based on the Modern Periodic Table with the elements strictly arranged in the increasing order of their atomic number and in accordance with their electron configurations. The spiral separates the elements into the eight dominant ‘A’ groups of normal elements, and the eight corresponding ‘B’ subgroups of transitional and inner transitional elements – which have been incorporated as the inner spiral. Although the spiral is dominated by the 8 main groups it also clearly highlights the periodicity of the table.
The organisation of the elements closely follows H.G. Deming’s 1923 Periodic Table where A B numeration was first utilized to correspond the characteristic oxides of the ‘B’ groups to those of the ‘A’ groups.
The result of this design places Group VIIIB, the triads:
as a subgroup of Group 0 (or 18 Helium Group) which conflicts with some Modern Periodic Tables, though broadly agrees with Deming’s original proposal (VIIIA and VIIIB). Hydrogen, which generally cannot be considered as part of any group, has been placed with the Flourine group VII which appears its natural place in the spiral.
This is one of the few periodic tables where common names are used. Although it is understandable that the conventional tables use symbols the design of this spiral accommodates the common names and still remains tidy and inviting to read. Element symbols are included in the expanded poster of this table. The table also reads clockwise, working inwards from the lightest and most common elements. This was necessary to for the chart to work and is another deviation from earlier attempts at a spiral arrangement of the table.
The spiral is based on a very distinct mechanical pattern of eight groups which should dictate the study of the element relationships.
The periodic table of the chemical elements (also periodic table of the elements or just the periodic table) is a tabular display of the chemical elements. Although precursors to this table exist, its invention is generally credited to Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869, who intended the table to illustrate recurring (‘periodic’) trends in the properties of the elements. The layout of the table has been refined and extended over time, as new elements have been discovered, and new theoretical models have been developed to explain chemical behavior.
The periodic table is now ubiquitous within the academic discipline of chemistry, providing a useful framework to classify, systematize, and compare all of the many different forms of chemical behavior. The table has found many applications in chemistry, physics, biology, and engineering, especially chemical engineering. The current standard table contains 118 elements to date. (elements 1–118). – Wiki:
Even before Dmitri Mendeleev produced the first satisfactory table, chemists were making spiral representations of the periodic system, and this has continued ever since – Wiki
It has often puzzled me how we have long accepted that the chart of known elements can easily organised into ‘groups and ‘periods’ yet not continue to question the ‘process’ by which these elements became organized and why the groups have similar chemical properties. Far from being a random event or the result of a chaotic ‘Big Bang‘ the periodic table demonstrates that all matter is created from a process, evolution and predictable rules. Each stage or period in the table is governed by a new way or natural system of capturing, storing or locking-in energy. All complex pressure systems evolve ways to store energy. The laws of Thermodynamics only explain the dissipation of pressure in an open system, this is not always possible in a complex or closed system. Examples of closed system would be an atom, magnetic field, solar system, or a galaxy. Other less stable closed systems that we can relate to in every-day life would be hurricanes, plants, cells, crystals, even life itself which will predictably dissipate energy when their processes are interrupted.
In the Second Law of Thermodynamics where two or more interacting systems much reach an equilibrium, entropy can be put on hold where radial dissipation involves a reduction in pressure and a subsequent increase in speed and inertia (Bernoulli’s principle) which aides the formation of closed and increasingly complex systems. A hurricane is a very good example of this. The highest speed occurs where the pressure is lowest, and the lowest speed occurs where the pressure is highest.
Years ago I created a simple linear chart which organized the elements by their state. I used this to demonstrate the simple wave-like nature of matter, the repetitions of the states of matter in the periodic table. This makes the world seem a little less random.
This chart clearly demonstrated in my mind that there is a process or procession of elements. How we experience any element would depend on its transitional state.
So it is not a matter of ‘if’ there is a pattern but a matter of what is the pattern. When I saw Edgar Longman’s beautiful 1951 Chemical Galaxy which was displayed at the Festival of Britain Science Exhibition, I knew immediately he was onto something.
The main difference in my approach was to organize the spiral inwards from lighter elements to the heavier to represent the condensing nature of matter. By dividing up the linear chart into the groups and applying this to a spiral representation, after many attempts, the above table was generated, made possible by grouping the triads into one segment.
One of my favorite features of the chart, though I am not sure of the significance, is that the transitional elements can be removed without affecting the relative position of the other elements.
I have a limited number of posters that i am willing to send to education facility such as a school or university for FREE. Otherwise anybody else interested I have a poster available to purchase. Contact me for the details.
- Why is oxygen placed where it’s at on the periodic table (wiki.answers.com)
- Alternative Periodic Tables (wiki)